In the United States alone, over 80 million men and women are currently affected by some form of hair loss condition. Hair loss can lead to a variety of psychological problems, such as loss of confidence, anxiety, and depression. As there are many causes for hair loss, there are also many different treatments that can help you prevent hair loss or restore your hair like it once was.
Before we explore the different types of hair loss, what causes them, and how you can treat them, let’s take a look at what causes hair loss in the first place.
What Causes Hair Loss?
From genetic factors and injuries to diseases and certain types of medication, there are many different reasons that can cause hair loss. Depending on what is causing your hair loss, the solution might be as simple as changing your habits. In other cases, you will need to undergo medical treatment to address your hair loss.
If you are noticing some hair loss, know that it is normal to lose around 50 strands of hair per day. In other words, your weak hair strands need to fall out so new, stronger strands of hair can replace them. With that said, if you experience severe hair loss and believe it’s not normal, you need to speak with Dr. Resul Yaman, who can advise you accordingly.
Common Types of Hair Loss
Experiencing hair loss after the age of 40 is completely normal. The older you get, the more your hair will start to fall out. However, age doesn’t cause significant hair loss, so if age isn’t to blame, what is?
In the section below, we will go over the most common types of hair loss and what causes them. Hopefully, you will be able to relate to at least one of them and know why you are experiencing hair loss in your case.
This type of hair loss causes your hair to start thinning out. It can be a result of nutritional disorders and imbalances of sex hormones. Certain diseases, in the likes of anemia and thyroid disorders, can also be the reason for suffering from telogen effluvium. Other causes can be injuries, pregnancy, genetic factors, and the use of hormonal drugs such as beta-blockers.
Male pattern hair loss is called androgenetic alopecia. Some men suffer from this condition at an early age, and as a result of which, they start to lose hair. With all that in mind, androgenetic alopecia is also a common reason for the loss of hair in women.
One of the most common reasons for regional hair loss is alopecia areata. When you’re affected by alopecia areata, the boundaries of the area of hair loss are sharp. The main cause of this disease is stress. When you are stressed, antibodies in your body attack the hair follicles. A low dose of cortisone is injected in the area to treat alopecia areata. Immunotherapy or UV therapy are two other population options for treating this condition.
Traction alopecia is a temporary form of hair loss that is caused by frequent blow-drying or tension on the hair as a result of tight braids, ponytails, weaves, and other hairstyles. To stop hair loss as a result of traction alopecia, one must stop actively putting their hair follicles under pressure. The failure to do so may lead to eventual permanent hair loss.
Trichotillomania is a mental health disorder most common in children that involves the recurrent pulling of one’s own hair. Over time, this behavior leads to noticeable hair loss in certain parts of the scalp. Some people suffering from this condition also pull their own eyebrows and eyelashes. Those suffering from this disorder need to receive psychiatric support.
Fungal Disease of the Scalp
People suffering from a fungal disease of the scalp have nothing to worry about. Though the fungal disease needs to be treated, the hair loss isn’t permanent. Once the type of fungus is identified and gets treated accordingly, the loss of hair will stop.
Diagnosing the Cause Behind Your Hair Loss
Before you can get treatment for hair loss or before you decide on hair transplantation methods (for example, Manual FUE Hair Transplant) the doctor needs to determine what has caused your hair to fall out in the first place. To do so, Dr. Resul Yaman will use three methods: dermoscopic examination, blood tests, and a simple hair-pulling test. Diagnosing your cause for hair loss will take about an hour, and you will get the results of your blood tests as soon as possible.
Once Dr. Resul Yaman knows what is causing your hair loss, he will then look through the different types of treatments that you can undergo and help you to make a decision. You can read more about each of the treatments that may be available to you below.
Types of Medical Treatment for Hair Loss
There are many different ways to treat hair loss. Different types of medical treatment are more suitable than others, depending on your individual circumstances. To give you an idea, here are the four different types of medical treatment for hair loss.
Hair transplantation in Turkey is the most invasive procedure and is used for patients seeking a permanent solution to their hair loss. For this treatment, Dr. Yaman will extract hair follicles from your donor area and will transplant them in your recipient area (the area where we want more hair to grow). To see the results, look at those hair transplantation before and after.
During radiation therapy, a laser will be used to strengthen your thinning hair. It’s a painless procedure and has been approved by the FDA. You will need to undergo one to two sessions per week and will start to see results within a few months.
Hair Mesotherapy and PRP
When it comes to hair loss, these two treatments can deliver relatively similar results. In a hair mesotherapy treatment, vitamins, minerals, and other ingredients are injected into the area of your scalp where hair growth is desired. In a hair PRP treatment, plasma is obtained from the patient’s blood and injected into the areas where the patient suffers from hair loss.
Medications and Supportive Treatments
When done alone, this type of treatment doesn’t treat hair loss. However, it is recommended to be used in conjunction with one of the above treatments to give you the best results.
Drugs Used in Medical Treatment for Hair Loss
Below, we will go over the two most effective drugs against the loss of hair for both men and women.
Finasteride is one of the few drugs the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends for preventing hair loss. This drug is taken orally as a tablet and is especially effective in male pattern hair loss.
This drug not only stops hair loss but also makes thin hair thick again. Note that although it prevents hair loss, Finasteride cannot help grow hair in bald areas. Once you start taking the drug, you will start to see results within the first couple of weeks. For some patients, it can take upwards of 6 months or more.
With all that in mind, Finasteride also comes with some side effects, including sexual reluctance, a decrease in sperm count, and erectile dysfunction. It’s worth noting that these side effects are rare and are only seen in about 2% of people using Finasteride.
The second drug is called Minoxidil, and like Finasteride, it is also approved by the FDA as a medical treatment for hair loss. Though this particular drug is mostly used for hair loss in women, it is also used to treat androgenic alopecia in men.
Minoxidil is available in the form of foam and spray. To use it, you need to apply it to your scalp. Within around four months, you will start to see results. This drug also has some side effects, but there are nowhere near as severe.
Minoxidil’s side effects may include dry skin, irritation, and flaking. If Minoxidil isn’t used carefully, it can cause unwanted hair growth in other parts of your body, such as your neck and the top of your fingers.
FAQs About Medical Treatment for Hair Loss
What Shampoos Are Best for Hair Loss?
Before we get into explaining what shampoos are best for hair loss, it’s worth mentioning that shampoos don’t treat hair loss. Rather, certain types of shampoos can help clear the pores on your scalp if they are clogged up, which can be the reason for your hair loss. If you suspect that the pores on your scalp are clogged up, go for shampoos that are free from parabens.
What Supplements Are Good for Hair Loss?
There are two essential supplements that are great for treating and preventing hair loss. The first one is Saw palmetto. The use of Saw palmetto in medical treatments has increased in the last ten years. Scientific studies show that Saw palmetto will become an alternative to the drug Finasteride. As part of your medical treatment for hair loss, Dr. Resul Yaman recommends you start using Saw palmetto. With that said, there are a couple of side effects, but even then, the pros massively outweigh the cons.
The second supplement is the biotin vitamin. It is essential for developing skin elements such as hair and nails. When you combine both, Saw palmetto and Biotin, the combination of the two is excellent at preventing hair loss. These natural supplements are also well-suited for post-operative and pre-operative use.